Encyclopedia

The following terms and definitions are provided to help students understand the martial arts techniques and philosphies we study.

Agena

The village where Grand Master Odo was born.

Aikido

A Japanese martial art style. Refer to the techniques page.

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Arnis

A set of martial art styles developed in the Filipines. See here for more information.

Bo

A staff or long stick. Also called a Kun.

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Bokken

Wooden Samauri sword

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Botokuden / Botoku Kai

Japan's leading martial arts association established in 1985

Bu

Weapon

Bunkai

The application of a technique

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Bushido

Way of the warrior

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Choy Lay Fut

A style of kung fu created in the southern Shaolin temple. See here for more information.

Chuan Fa

Chinese for Kemp / Kenpo

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Chudan Kamae

Middle position

Dekiti Tirsia Siradas (DTS)

A specific style of Kali. See here for more information.

Do

Way

Giri

To cut

Hoppo Giri

Eight direction cutting

Jo

A 4' staff.

Jodan Kamae

Upper position

Jodo

The way of the short staff or stick (about 4' in length)

Jutsu

Technique or method

Kali

A set of martial art styles developed in the Filipines. See here for more information.

Kama

Hand sickle

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Kamae

Position

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Kara

Empty

Katana

Metal Samurai sword

Karate

The term Karate means "empty hand" and refers to the self-defense techniques developed in Japan. Refer to the techniques page.

Kata

Forms or poomse; pre-arranged fixed patterns containing defensive and offensive moves against imaginary opponents

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Ken

Sword

Kendo

The Way of the Sword. The Japanese art of sword fighting. Refer to the techniques page.

Kenjutsu

Sword technique

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Kenpo

Way of the fist. A blanket term used to refer to a number of different martial art styles. Refer to the techniques page.

Kia / Kihap

Spirit shout

Ko

Ancient

Kobudo

Ancient weapon way

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Kobujutsu

Ancient weapon art

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Kumdo

Korean version of Kendo

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Kushakubo

A 9 foot staff

Kung Fu

The term Kung Fu can be translated different ways but effectively refers to the lessons that are learned from hard work. While this can apply to learned skill, it is often associated with martial arts. Refer to the techniques page.

Manji Sai

A sai with the prongs inverted in opposite directions and both ends pointed.

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Martial Arts

The term Martial Arts refers to the study of the techniques of war. Typically this refers to hand-to-hand combat techniques.

Motobu

Choki Motobu is the founder of Motobu-ryu.

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Odo

Seikichi Odo was the grand master of Ryukyu Kempo

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Nakamura

Shigeru Nakamura, founder of Okinawan Kenpo

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Nunchaka

Two sections of wood connected by a rope. Made famous by Bruce Lee.

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Nuntebo

A staff with a Manji Sai on the end

Okinawa

The largest island in the Ryukyu chain where modern karate originated.

Okinawan Kenpo

A blend of Naha-te, Shuri-te, and Tomari-te founded by Shigeru Nakamura.

Rokushakubo

A 6' staff, bo, or kun

Ryu

Style

Ryukyu

A chain of islands running from southern Japan to northern Taiwan

Sai

A metal trident.

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Sakugawa

"Tode” Sakugawa, founder of Okinawan Karate

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Sankakudai

A triangular or "T" stance for sword training or Aikido

Sanshakubo / Hando

A 3' staff.

Shaolin

A temple that developed many of the foundational aspects of modern Kung Fu. See here for more information.

Shiho Giri

Four direction cutting

Shinai

A bamboo sword used in Kendo practice

Shoman Uchi

A straign, overhead downward cut or strike

Shuri

The ancient capital of Okinawa where Shorinryu was developed.

Suburis

Sword techniques

Tae Kwon Do

A martial arts sport originating in Korea. Refer to the techniques page.

Te

Hand

Tekko

Iron version of brass knuckles.

Tode

Chinese for Hand. An older name for Karate.

Tonfa / Tuifa

A handle on a grist mill for milling grain into flour

Tsuki

Skee or thrusting strike

Wing Chun

An old and powerful form of kung fu popularized by Bruce Lee. See here for more information.

Yonshakubo / Jo

A 4' staff.